TOP 5 BIGGEST ZOOS IN AFRICA
A zoo is an abbreviation for Zoological Park and it is a place where animals are kept in an enclosed space cared for and displayed for people to view. In some cases, the animals are being bred so they don’t go extinct.
The first collection of wild animals was treated as a private collection to show the wealth and power of a person in the past. Today, zoos are meant to educate and entertain us and have become tourist sites. Zoos are regulated by the government of a country.
TYPES OF ZOOS
There are various types of zoos and some are;
1 . Firstly, Urban Zoos
Urban zoos are zoos found in the city and have enclosed animals in small spaces.
2 . Safari Parks are another type of Zoo
Safari Parks are parks where tourists can see non-native wildlife living in large, enclosed areas.
3 . Also, Game reserves
Game reserves are large land with various species of wild animals that are protected and allowed to roam freely.
The other types of zoos are petting, specialization, as well as conservation zoos.
THE LARGEST ZOOS IN AFRICA
Zoos can be categorized largely based on the number of animals, the various species, and the area it covers.
1 . To begin with, National Zoological Gardens of South Africa
It is also known as the Pretoria zoo because it is situated there. The zoo is one of the largest in the world and measures up to 210 acres of land that serves as a natural habitat for more than 9000 animals and over 700 species. About 600,000 tourists visit the zoo annually.
Beautiful creatures like leopards, elephants, and gorillas can be found there. It also houses rare animals like koalas, komodo dragons, and kangaroos. There are some exotic trees as well. The Zoo Camps and Sunset Zoo Safari are some of the major attractions of the zoo. It is one of the oldest zoos in the world, it started operating in 1899.
2 . Secondly, LEKKI CONSERVATION CENTRE
This is the biggest zoo in Nigeria and measures a span of 78 hectares. The zoo was set up to be a habitat for different species of animals. It has the longest canopy walk in Africa. Apart from the zoo, there are other side attractions like a tree house which houses a lot of different species of birds. The center was founded in 1990 by the federal government to conserve wildlife.
3 . Thirdly, JOHANNESBURG ZOO
The Johannesburg zoo is another large zoo in Africa. It is situated in South Africa and measures up to 55 hectares of land. It serves as a home to about 2000 animals and about 320 species. The zoo was established in 1904 and is open to the public at all times.
4 . Also, OMU RESORT
This is a privately owned zoo in Nigeria and situated in Bogije town, just around Lakowe Lakes Golf Course, Lekki area. It has a lot of side attractions like a children’s park, a mini-golf course, and a wax museum. The size of the zoo measures 22 hectares.
5 . Last but not least, KUMASI ZOOLOGICAL GARDENS
The Kumasi zoo is found in the Ashanti region of Ghana. It was established in 1951 but opened in 1956 by the Asanteman Council. The Zoo was established to preserve wildlife the animals that were going extinct. The zoo covers a total of 370 acres and has 57 species of animals
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