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Australia’s Skilled Migration Trends for the Past Decade 

November 7th, 2023 at 05:52 am

Australia’s Skilled Migration Trends for the Past Decade

When we consider how individuals move to Australia, these wise remarks from the ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus hit home. The winds of new legislation, global upheavals, and economic waves have driven intense and consistent change over the past ten years. In these ever-changing waters, the Scanlon Institute’s Australian Movement and Population Dashboard has proven to be a dependable guide, revealing the intricacies of movement patterns and trends.

This blog attempts to present a full picture of Australia’s migration by drawing on our depth of knowledge and authoritative presence in the migration industry for over a decade.

Factors Influencing Population Growth Dynamics in Australia

A number of factors have had an impact on Australia’s demographic evolution, which has been a challenging journey. Let us go deeper into the statistical subtleties that have shaped the country’s population growth trends.

Natural Population Growth: Births and Deaths

Birth Rates: 306,000 births were recorded in Australia in the year to June 2022, representing a 0.5% rise over the previous year. This statistic also exceeded the number of births recorded in the same period in 2018–19, which was 305,000.

Death Rates: The overall number of deaths registered in 2022 was 191,000, 10.9% higher than in 2021 and 15.5% higher than the historical average. The number of monthly deaths reached 18,000 in July 2022.

Rates of Fertility

The total fertility rate in Australia has fallen, from 1.86 in 1991–92 to 1.69 in 2021–22. Since the mid-1970s, this rate has stayed below the replacement level of 2.1.

The COVID-19 Pandemic’s Impact

The pandemic has had a significant impact on demographic trends in Australia. Despite initial doubts, there was a modest dip in births in 2021, followed by a resurgence, suggesting adaptation in response to the pandemic’s obstacles.

Interstate Migration

Interstate migration has been a key contributor to Australia’s demographic shifts. The number of interstate movements fell 8.7% between 2018–19 and 2019–20, from 404,000 to 369,000. Recent data indicate that interstate travel is still marginally below pre-pandemic levels.

Australia in Global Perspective

Prior to the pandemic, Australia’s population growth rate was higher than that of other affluent countries, owing to net overseas migration. However, the growth rate in 2021 will be 0.1%, more in line with worldwide averages.

Net Overseas Migration (NOM)

Net Overseas Migration (NOM) is an important component in shaping Australia’s demographics. Despite the fact that migration patterns are constantly changing, we demonstrate that we can modify, advise, and succeed.

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Let’s look at how NOM has changed over the last decade, concentrating on different factors including migrant departures and arrivals as well as the overall influence on Australia’s population.

Departures of Migrants

There were differences in migrant departures based on age and gender in the fiscal year 2021–22. The number of male and female migrants in certain age categories, for example, changed, with some age groups witnessing greater departures.

Arrivals of Migrants

The current dataset does not include detailed data on migrant arrivals over the last 10 years. However, it is an important consideration for a thorough comprehension of NOM.

Overall Population Impact

NOM has contributed significantly to Australia’s population increase. It has influenced the country’s demographic makeup, economic development, and societal diversity.

The proportion of Australians born abroad has fluctuated throughout time, reflecting shifting migration patterns.

A Closer Look at Australia’s Migration Program’s Visa Categories

Australia’s migration program is a dynamic organization that is always evolving to fulfill the needs of the country and respond to global trends. Various visa categories have seen substantial modifications in the recent decade, reflecting variations in policy, economic demands, and international connections.

Skilled Migration

Skilled migration is still a major component of Australia’s migration program, attracting experts and tradesmen from all over the world. Changes have been made to the skilled migration program to ensure that it is in line with Australia’s economic needs and labor market expectations.

Recent Changes: The allotment of slots for skilled migrants has changed over the years, with roughly 70% of places in the 2023–24 permanent Migration Program assigned to skilled migrants.

Student Visas

Australia’s education industry is a major draw for international students, and the student visa category has undergone numerous changes to reflect the changing environment of global education.

Recent Changes: Work limitations and financial capacity criteria for overseas students have been adjusted to reflect a responsive approach to global trends and domestic demands.

Family and Partner Visas

Family reunion continues to be an important feature of the migration policy, with visas available for spouses, children, and other family members.

Recent modifications: Although specific data on recent modifications to this category is not readily available, it remains an important component of the migration effort.

Humanitarian and Refugee Visas

Australia’s humanitarian program provides refugees and anyone in humanitarian need with protection and resettlement possibilities.

Recent Changes: The present dataset does not provide detailed information on recent changes in this category.

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Working Holiday Visas

This visa category allows young individuals from qualified countries to work and travel in Australia for a limited time.

Recent modifications: The working holiday program has been modified, including modifications to age limits and employment restrictions.

Migration Patterns in Australia by State

Over the previous decade, migration patterns in Australia have been dynamic, with each state and territory witnessing distinct trends and movements. Economic possibilities, lifestyle choices, educational institutions, and policy changes have all influenced these patterns. Let’s take a look at the migratory scene in each of Australia’s states and territories.

New South Wales (NSW)

As a global city, Sydney has been a major lure for migrants. However, notably during the COVID-19 pandemic, there has been a noticeable trend of people leaving Sydney for regional areas and other states in search of affordability and lifestyle improvements.

Victoria (VIC)

Melbourne has experienced substantial growth as a result of its dynamic cultural scene and diversified career options. However, like in Sydney, there has been a shift toward regional areas.

Queensland (QLD)

Queensland has attracted people because of its milder environment and cheaper homes. The state has seen a steady influx of interstate migrants, notably to areas such as the Gold Coast and Sunshine Coast.

Western Australia (WA)

WA, notably Perth, has seen changes in migration trends, which are frequently linked to the fortunes of the mining industry.

South Australia (SA)

SA has seen consistent migratory patterns, with Adelaide providing a well-balanced lifestyle. The government has aggressively promoted migration to satisfy specific labor market needs.

Tasmania (TAS)

Due to the state’s natural beauty and way of life, Tasmania has seen a surge in popularity and an increase in interstate migration.

Northern Territory (NT)

Because of its remote location and limited economic possibilities, the NT has had difficulty keeping and attracting people.

Northern Territory (NT)

The ACT, with Canberra as its core, has long been a magnet for migrants, notably those working in government and education.

Looking Forward: Future Migration Trends and Considerations in Australia

The migration program in Australia has been a dynamic and evolving entity, reflecting changing global landscapes, economic demands, and humanitarian concerns. Several trends and concerns are likely to impact the course of Australia’s migration policies and initiatives in the future.

Policy Modifications and Regulatory Changes

The Australian government announced steps to address alleged abuses in the migration and visa systems, with the goal of improving integrity and combating organized crime and exploitation. A new Immigration Compliance Division will be established, with the goal of focusing on immigration compliance and combating organized abuse of immigration systems.

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Visa Category and Allocation Changes

Visa allocations may be adjusted in the future to prioritize categories that match Australia’s economic and societal goals. For example, there should be an emphasis on skilled migration, companion visas, and addressing issues in temporary migration categories.

Technological Innovation and Digital Transformation

Technological advances are anticipated to have a significant influence on shaping migration procedures, increasing efficiency, and improving user experiences. Digital transformation projects may be implemented with the goal of optimizing application procedures and improving service delivery.

International Relations and Global Influences

Global events, economic trends, and international relations will almost certainly continue to have an impact on Australia’s migration program. Global economic conditions, geopolitical changes, and humanitarian crises may all have an impact on migration policy and priorities.

Societal Considerations and Community Perspectives

Community sentiments and societal concerns will continue to play an important role in defining migration policies. The emphasis may be on promoting social cohesion, ensuring that migration benefits Australian society, and dealing with any issues or concerns that may arise.


Finding your way through Australia’s intricate migratory history during the previous ten years reveals a complex network of resilience, change, and adaptability.





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