How to Move to Canada and Get Permanent Residence (PR)
Canada has immigration programs that make it possible for people with different skills, levels of education, and work experience to move to Canada and help its economy. If you’ve been thinking about moving to Canada, did you know there are many ways to apply to become a PR? You may have heard of Express Entry and “PNP,” but there are other options that may work better for you.
In this article, we’ll talk about the different ways to move to Canada through immigration programs. We will also give you links to resources and tools that can help you get started on your application.
Apply for PR through an immigration program
Use an immigration program to apply for PR.
There are a lot of federal and provincial immigration programs in Canada that can help you move and live there as a PR. Here are some of these:
1. Express Entry
One of the most popular and sought-after ways to move to Canada, mostly because it is easy and takes less time to process. Express Entry is great for skilled people who want to move to Canada and stay there for good. It has three ways people can move there:
- The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) program: For people who have worked abroad for a long time or have a high level of education.
- Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP): For skilled tradespeople.
- The Canadian Experience Class (CEC): For people from outside of Canada who have worked in Canada for at least a year.
2. The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)
Most of the time, PNP are for people who:
- Have the skills, education, and work experience to help a province or territory’s economy;
- Plan to stay in that province or territory for good; and
- Want to make Canada their permanent home.
Each province and territory has its own PNP streams and unique requirements. PNP streams are immigration programs that focus on certain groups, like new graduates, business people, skilled workers in certain professions, or semi-skilled workers.
3. AIP, or the Atlantic Immigration Program
The AIP program is a way for skilled foreign workers and international graduates to get permanent residency in one of Canada’s four Atlantic provinces: Newfoundland and Labrador, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.
You can apply for a PR through one of three programs in AIP:
- Atlantic International Graduate Program: People who have lived and gone to school in one of the Atlantic provinces are eligible for the Atlantic International Graduate Program.
- Atlantic High-skilled Program: This is for people who have a job offer from an employer in an Atlantic province that is part of the AIP.
- Atlantic Intermediate-Skilled Program: For people who have been offered a job by an AIP employer in the province where they will be working. You also need to have worked in a TEER 4 (formerly NOC skill level C) or one of a small number of TEER 1, 2, or 3 occupations.
4. Start-up Visa (SUV)
A Start-up Visa is for entrepreneurs who have the skills and potential to build innovative businesses in Canada, hire Canadians, and compete on a global scale. To qualify for the Start-up Visa Program, you must:
- Have a business that qualifies;
- Get a letter of support from a specific group;
- Meet the language requirements; and
- Bring enough cash to live on.
If a foreigner gets a Commitment Certificate and Letter of Support from a designated organization, they can apply for a short-term work permit through the International
Mobility Program before they submit their application for permanent residency through the Start-Up Visa program. But the request for a work permit needs to be backed by the designated entity.
You can apply for a work permit if you meet the requirements to do so. You don’t have to first apply for PR. But keep in mind that a Commitment Certificate is only good for six months after it is given. So, whether you apply for a work permit or not, you must send in your application for PR before the certificate expires. On the government website, you can find out more about the Start-up Visa program.
5. Pilot for Immigration in Rural and Northern Areas (RNIP)
The RNIP is a community-driven program that is meant to spread the benefits of economic immigration to smaller communities. It does this by giving skilled foreign workers who want to live and work in one of the participating communities (North Bay, Sudbury, Timmins, Sault Ste. Marie, and Thunder Bay in Ontario; Brandon and Altona/Rhineland in Manitoba; Moose Jaw in Saskatchewan; Claresholm in Alberta; Vernon and West Kootenay – Trail, Castlegar,
To apply for RNIP, you must meet all of IRCC’s requirements and the requirements for your community. You will also need a job offer from an employer in one of the communities that are taking part. On the Government of Canada’s website, you can find out how to apply through RNIP.
6. Family Sponsorship
Through family sponsorship, spouses, partners, children, parents, grandparents, and in some cases, other relatives can live, work, and go to school in Canada as permanent residents (PRs).
As a caregiver, you can come to Canada to work or become a permanent resident. People who want to apply for PR can do one of two things:
- Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP):
- Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot.
The five-year Home Child Care Provider Pilot and Home Support Worker Pilot began in 2019. They invited qualified caregivers and their families to Canada to become permanent residents. These pilot programs may allow caregivers to apply for PR. Your situation and qualifying work experience will determine how you apply.
Only two-year Canadian workers can apply for PR through the LCP.
Caregivers have an annual limit. After reaching the quota, the government stops accepting applications. The IRCC website has the latest information and steps for applying under this category.
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