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Australia General Skilled Migration Visa Update 2023 | Visa 189 vs 190 vs 491

Australia General Skilled Migration Visa Update 2023 | Visa 189 vs 190 vs 491

Did you know that there are excellent opportunities given by subclasses 189, 190, and 491 visas if you’re looking for outstanding professional prospects and high quality of life in Australia? These Visa categories are covered under the General Skilled Migration (GSM) program for the years 2023–2024, which aims to draw competent persons who can strengthen Australia’s economy.

Subclass 189 Visa

For those in highly sought-after professions who do not require sponsorship by a state or territorial authority or a relative, this option for an independent Visa is based on points.

Subclass 190 Visa

On the other hand, Subclass 190 requires the nomination of a particular state or territory authority. To be eligible for this Visa, which allows you to move to a specific location, you must satisfy both federal and state nomination requirements.

Subclass 491 Visa

With the subclass 491 Visa, which also requires state or territory nomination, you can live and work in specific regional areas of Australia. This path is very useful for people who want to experience another side of Australia while benefiting from permanent residency.

What are the Eligibility Criteria

  • Generally, applicants must be under a specific age limit, which is frequently 45, for their application to get considered.
  • The second requirement is that your profession must be compatible with your skills and certifications and be included on the relevant skilled occupation list.
  • Third, you must get your talents examined by a competent evaluating authority to demonstrate your abilities and professional experience.
  • Additionally, points are awarded based on a variety of factors, including age, education, employment history, English language proficiency, etc.
  • Also, for one to qualify for an Expression of Interest for any of these visas, you must first fulfill a minimum point threshold.
  • You must also submit an EOI through the skill choice system, where you must provide information about your qualifications and skills.

How Do You Apply

Move through the application process now.

  • After being invited to apply and having met the qualifying conditions, gather your paperwork and any additional supporting documentation, such as the results of your English language test and your skills evaluation.
  • Send your visa application, the required documents, and the necessary application fee.
  • You must submit police clearance documents and undergo health screenings for all family members listed on the application.

The processing times for your application may vary, so please be patient.

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What are the Benefits?

  • With a Category 189 visa, you are permitted to reside and work anywhere in Australia. You are not limited to a specific country or region.
  • With the subclass 190 Visa, you have the opportunity to live and work in the region that has nominated you while also receiving bonus points.
  • With a subclass 491 Visa, you and your family are permitted to reside in particular Australian Regional regions.
  • Additionally, the subclass 191 Visa allows you to get permanent residency.

Suggestions to Improve Your Chances of a Successful Application

  • Examine the occupation list and point system for visa criteria in great detail first.
  • Second, ensure that all of your documentation is accurate, up-to-date, and thorough.
  • Additionally, to improve your score on the points exam, work on your English language proficiency.
  • Also, consider seeking advice from seasoned immigration consultants or agents to properly negotiate the application complexities.

Subclass 189, 190, and 491 visas offer a great opportunity for Australian immigration in the years 2023–2024.

Australia’s 189 Visa vs 190 Visa vs 491 Visa – Which is Best 2023?

It may initially seem a little difficult to understand how the General Skilled Migration Program in Australia operates, but it is not that difficult. In this section, we outline the fundamentals of each visa offered by the Australian government’s migration programs as well as how they differ from one another.

Subclasses 189, 190, and 491 of the General Skilled Migration (GSM) visas issued by Australia

Let’s start with the parallels and points of agreement among the various GSM visa subclasses:

  • Each of these visas must be applied for via the SkillSelect system
  • Also, all three visas are “points tested”
  • Lastly, all three visas share several fundamental requirements. In all three situations, applicants must:
  1. Most importantly, be under 45 years of age when applying for the visas
  2. Next, be able to nominate a profession from one of the occupation lists
  3. Besides that, before applying for the visa, have obtained a favorable Skills Assessment in their profession;
  4. Aside from that, fulfill the minimum standards for English;
  5. Last but not least, score 65 points or more on the Points Test.

You must now create and submit an EOI (Expression of Interest), an electronic application that expresses your interest in applying for a visa through SkillSelect, an online platform run by the Department of Home Affairs, after fulfilling all of the prerequisites. All invitations for any of the three visa subclasses—189, 190, or 491—are granted through this form.

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Differences between 189, 190, and 491 Visas

There are several differences, and they begin after the EOI is submitted, even though all three of Australia’s General Skilled Migration Visas have commonalities and requirements in common. Let’s explore this:

Permanent Skilled Independent Visa – Subclass 189

The 189 visa is the greatest option since, as its name implies, it is independent and permanent, enabling applicants to remain and work permanently anywhere in Australia. On approval of visa, there exist no restrictions, whether you were onshore or offshore at the time of the application or nomination.

Due to its many advantages, this visa is the most sought-after; nevertheless, due to the small number of occupations eligible for it, only specific experts can apply. The pertinent list is the MLTSSL (Medium and Long-Term Strategic Skilled List).

To put things in perspective, the government invited roughly 30 thousand people to apply for the 189 Visa to Australia up until June 30th, 2019. In contrast, by June 30th, 2020, just about 4,000 people were present.

The algorithm invites those with greater points first, so the invitations expire before there are adequate to invite people with lower points, which generates a race for points. Only those with 90 or 95 points receive invitations in some months.

Permanent skilled Nominated Visa 190

The 189 and the 190 are both permanent visas, and the procedures are essentially the same. However, in this case, states or regions rather than the federal government (SkillSelect) encourage candidates to apply.

For the 190 visas, a State or Territory of Australia must nominate the applicant, and each State or Territory has its specifications for whom they want to propose.

Only those who meet the requirements can apply:

  • A job on the STSOL (Short-Term Skilled Occupations List) or the MLTSSL list is eligible to apply.
  • Also, the employee must appear on one of those lists as well as one for each State or Territory, however, that is not sufficient.
  • Additionally, each state or territory consults the two lists, MLTSSL and STSOL, and separately chooses which professions it wants to propose migrants for because it believes there is a need in their area

States and territories frequently offer preference to those who already reside, study, or work in the area. Even though certain conditions offer locations for persons abroad nomination, they do not nominate residents of another state or region currently residing in Australia.

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Skilled Work Regional (Provisional) Visa 491

The 491 visa necessitates a State or Territory Nomination, just like the 190 visas. Still, the main distinction between these 2 visas is the fact that the 491 visa is a temporary visa with a 5-year validity period.

You and your family must live in a specific regional area of Australia for at least three years after receiving a 491 visa, and you must make at least $53,900 annually.

Once you’ve satisfied those two conditions, you should be eligible to apply for a Permanent Visa subclass 191. This will eventually grant you the right to live and work permanently in any part of Australia.

Due in large part to the 491 visa’s requirement that the applicant reside in the regional area for at least three years, state governments are giving the 491 visa priority over the 190 visa. The regional areas comprise the entire nation, except Sydney, Brisbane, and Melbourne.

We recommend consulting with a Registered Migration Agent to see if you qualify before applying. This helps comprehend your options and create a strategic strategy.

Visit for the most up-to-date information on changes to visa criteria, prospective paths to obtaining legal residency, and others.



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