What is the oldest building in the world? A list of the 5 most popular
Civilization, with regards to building, started centuries ago. Gives us a ton of history to go back to every now and then. Though some of these buildings are still in existence, they are not in their complete state. For some of these buildings, it’s just their remnants that are left behind. These buildings are magnificent interns of their architecture.
We will talk about five of the oldest buildings in the world, that are very popular.
1 . Firstly, Knap of Howar
First on the list is the Knap of Howar. It is situated in Scotland. The Knap of Howar is a Neolithic farmstead and is considered to be the oldest preserved stone house in Europe. It was occupied between 3700-2800 BC and consists of two adjacent, rectangular buildings facing the sea.
The first served as the living quarters for the family and the second was utilized as a workshop and storage space. Both the living quarters and workshop were spacious at 10 by 5m and were separated by upright slabs. The stone beds and shelves have been preserved and are very much intact.
2 . Secondly, Megalithic Temples of Malta
This temple dates back to 3600 BC and 700 BC. The Megalithic Temples of Malta are considered to be the oldest free-standing structures. The temple was constructed in several locations across Malta.
Each individual site had its own unique features. However, the temples share a common architecture. The temple’s internal walls were made out of orthostates (a row of large stone slabs). The external walls of the temples were made of coralline limestone.
A material that is significantly harder than the globigerina limestone used in the temple’s internal sections. This is indeed a magnificent building to leave you in awe.
3 . Thirdly, Newgrange
Newgrange is located in County Meath, Ireland. It is a prehistoric monument that was built around 3200BC. This makes it older than the Egyptian pyramids. Several amounts of human bones and possible grave offerings have been found inside the tombs.
The façade and entrance were constructed using white quartz cobblestones from the Wicklow Mountains. Also, gabbro cobbles from the Cooley Mountains, granodiorite cobbles from the Mourne Mountains, and banded siltstone from the shores of Carlingford Lough. The granite used also came from the Mourne Mountains.
4 . Last but not least, Pyramid of Djoser
The Pyramid of Djoser was constructed between 2667–2648BC. It is the resting place of Djoser (the second king of the 3rd dynasty) of the Egyptian Old Kingdom. Djoser was king for 19 years. The tomb dominates the Saqqara landscape in Egypt.
It is surrounded by a light Tura limestone wall which is 10.5m high, the structure imitates a mudbrick. The outside wall is completely surrounded by a trench dug in the underlying rock.
5 . Lastly, The Cairn of Barnenez
Located in Brittany, France. The Cairn of Barnenez is the last part of the stone age monument. It is considered to be one of the earliest stone monuments in Europe. The Carin of Barnenez was constructed in two phases, the first between 4850-4250BC and the second between 4450-4000BC. It was built using 13,000-14,000 tons of stone and contains 11 chambers made of granite and slate that can be accessed through separate passages.
Originally, all chambers were enclosed by the mound but, modern quarrying has caused some to become partially exposed.
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