LIST OF GHANIAN LANGUAGES THAT ARE SPOKEN BY CITIZENS OF OTHER COUNTRIES
Ghana has 8 ethnic groups and more than seventy tribal groups, each with its own distinct language. English is Ghana’s official foreign language because of its history of British colonization. Languages that belong to the same ethnic group are usually mutually intelligible. By mutually intelligible we mean two or more speech varieties, able to understand one another.
Eleven languages among the lot have the status of government-sponsored languages. Three Akan ethnic languages (Akuapem Twi, Asante Twi, and Fante) and two Mole-Dagbani ethnic languages (Dagaare and Dagbanli). The others are Ewe, Dangme, Ga, Nzema, Gonja, and Kasem. Among these languages, we will talk more about the Languages that are spoken by citizens of other countries.
To begin with, AKAN
The most common and widely spoken local language in Ghana is the Akan language. It comprises Fante, Asante Twi, and Akuapem Twi. These languages are mutually intelligible. The Akan language is believed to have originated from Niger-Congo. It is spoken by over 40% of Ghanaians and also on Ivory Coast. Akan speakers are found in Ashanti Region mainly (native speakers) and almost all across the country.
The Ewe language is part of the Gbe dialect and is believed to have originated from the Volta-Niger area. Mainly spoken in Volta Region. Its mutually intelligible branches are the Tongu language in Sogakope, Adidome, as well as places near Ada. People in Ho, Hohoe, and Kpando speak Vedome and in Akatsi they speak Avenor. Anlo is the most widely spoken form of Ewe spoken by people in southern Volta. It is spoken in Togo and Benin.
Also, DANGME and GA
Dangme is part of the Ga-Dangme languages in the Greater Accra region. Its sister language is the Ga language. Ga is the local language spoken by the people of Accra. It is part of the Ga-Adangme dialect spoken in South-eastern Ghana.
Kasem is part of the Gur branch of languages in Africa. It is spoken in the Upper East region and Burkina Faso.
Besides the above, NZEMA
Nzema is part of the Bia dialect. It is spoken by the Nzema ethnic group. The Nzema language is similar to Akan, it has more differences than similarities. Thus, it is a unique Language.
Last but not least, GONJA
This is part of the languages spoken in the Northern Region of Ghana. It is part of the Guang and Tano dialects in Africa.
Finally, the Dagombas in the Northern Region of Ghana speaks Dagbani. It is also part of the Gur dialect in African language history. The language is mainly spoken in Ghana by the Dagombas and Mole-Dagbani ethnic groups. It is also spoken in Burkina-Faso as well.
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