How Do We Leverage TVET to Overcome the Challenge of Unemployment in Ghana?

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How Do We Leverage TVET to Overcome the Challenge of Unemployment in Ghana?
How Do We Leverage TVET to Overcome the Challenge of Unemployment in Ghana

How Do We Leverage TVET to Overcome the Challenge of Unemployment in Ghana?

TVET is dispensed in public and private educational establishments, or other forms of formal or informal instruction aimed at granting all segments of the society access to life-long learning resources.

Traditionally, so-called “intellectual” work is often contrasted with “manual” work. Thus, there would be, on the one hand, white-collar (office) professions and, on the other, traders, technicians, etc. Nowadays, such a distinction is no longer possible, even though society continues to undervalue and minimize technical education.

Consequently, pupils facing difficulties in their studies are those usually sent to vocational streams. This vision of TVET is attributable to the crisis that Africa went through in the eighties. The serious economic and financial crisis that the continent faced at the time generated far-reaching changes in the production system and the labor market, and contributed to increasing graduate unemployment.

Within that context, the TVET systems found themselves unable to provide the skills required by businesses. Facing increasing costs within the context of structural adjustment programs, TVET systems endured drastic budgetary reductions.

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Lastly, inadequate investments in TVET contributed to its deterioration and reduced its effectiveness. Yet, the principal objective of TVET is to train youths and adults alike, readying them for the labor market. With technical revolution and innovations in science and technology, labor market needs have significantly evolved.

TVET EDUCATION IN GHANA

New challenges must be met in order to match the education proposed with vocational demands. In that regard, several countries are in the process of reforming their education system, with a view to training youths to “High youth unemployment and prevalent skills gaps within the labor force, underlines the necessity for vocational and technical education.

Ghana must place TVET education in the center of job creation strategy to successfully address the high youth unemployment,” the former Governor of Ghana’s Central Bank said during a dubbed ‘The Ghanaian Dream; Transforming the economy through job creation and opportunities for all” on Monday, November 29, 2021, at the Tang Palace.

Dr. Duffuor also stated that as much as 20% of the employed population have had no formal education while 54% have basic education and just 16% have higher education.
Dr. Duffuor said Ghana’s labor market shows an urgent need for decent high-quality jobs for the growing population in the country.

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“Not only does unemployment cause poverty but higher crime rates. Children with unemployed parents don’t do well academically. The inability to create good jobs and gain sustainable jobs for the young people will foster the problem of inequality. It’s also an issue of gross economic inefficiency.

“Although the officially measured rate of unemployment is about 8.4% as of 2017, there’s a concern for young people’s access to decent employment. Without a transformation of the current economic structure, employment opportunities will remain limited,” he added.

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